With both the astronomical community and the NASA hierarchy convinced of the feasibility and value of the LST, Roman then spoke to politically-connected men in a series of dinners hosted by NASA Administrator James Webb in order to build support for the LST project, and then wrote testimony for Congress throughout the 1970s to continue to justify the telescope.
Roman and others knew they could best observe space with instruments that were above the atmosphere. Nancy Grace Roman was an American astronomer. , In 1959, Roman proposed, perhaps for the first time, that detecting planets around other stars might be possible using a space-based telescope, and even suggested a technique employing a rotated coronagraphic mask; a similar approach was ultimately used with the Hubble Space Telescope to image the possible exoplanet Fomalhaut B (ref K.) and will be used by WFIRST to image exoplanets similar to the giant planets in our own solar system. , After her work at the Yerkes and McDonald Observatories, one of Roman's earliest publications was a 1955 catalog of high velocity stars, published in the Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. " Williams recalls Roman as someone "whose vision in a NASA leadership position shaped U.S. space astronomy for decades". She was also one of four women featured in 2017 in the “Women of NASA LEGO Set,” which of all her honors she described as “by far the most fun.”.
She interpreted that as an invitation to apply, and was the applicant who accepted the position.
 She also set up NASA’s scientific ballooning program, inheriting the Stratoscope balloon projects led by Martin Schwarzschild from the ONR and the National Science Foundation. job promoting space based astronomy when most study at the time was done from Roman conducted a survey of all naked-eye stars similar to the Sun and realized that they could be divided into two categories by chemical content and motion through the galaxy. Swarthmore College in 1946 while working at the Sproul Observatory. OCLC 433367323. which went on to take some of the most stunning photographs of space. she spent time in in Texas, New Jersey, Michigan, and Nevada. Roman was instrumental in helping the Hubble Space Telescope While a large telescope in space had been proposed by Lyman Spitzer in 1946, and astronomers became interested in a 3m-class space telescope in the early 1960s as the Saturn V rocket was being developed, Roman chose to focus on developing smaller-scale OAO telescopes first in order to demonstrate the necessary technologies.
 While the position nominally allowed for 20% of her time to be used for scientific research, she recognized that such a position would effectively mean she was giving up research, but, as she said in 2018, “the chance to start with a clean slate to map out a program that I thought would influence astronomy for fifty years was more than I could resist.” Roman arrived at NASA in late February 1959 as Head of Observational Astronomy.
The content, without the express written permission of DecoScience or the rightful owner, may not be copied, distributed, downloaded, modified, edited, reused, reproduced, transmitted, performed, displayed, or otherwise used by any mechanical or electronic means. take Latin. The Roman Technology Fellowship in Astrophysics program is named after Dr. Nancy Grace Roman. However, Roman stated in an interview in 1980 that the courses were dissatisfying and addressed women's interests rather than women's problems. OAO-3, named Copernicus, was a highly successful ultraviolet telescope which operated from 1972 1981.
The world would be a different place had it not been for the study and work of Nancy Grace Roman. As early as 1960, a year into her new position, Roman began publishing plans for NASA astronomy with policy statements, such as “A fundamental part of all of these plans is the participation of the entire astronomical community.  Outside her work, Roman enjoyed going to lectures and concerts and was active in the American Association of University Women.
Her interest in astronomy began when she was a child. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. spectroscopy (the study of matter using microwave
From 1959 through the 1970s, when the introduction of peer review brought in outside expertise, she was the sole individual accepting or rejecting proposals for NASA astronomy projects based on their merit and her own knowledge.
She fought for her place in the male-dominated fields of science and technology During much of Roman’s lifetime, it was not common for women to become scientists. They would get together once a week and the first chief of astronomy in NASA’s Office of Space Science and was the  Her visits set the precedent that NASA scientific research would be driven by the needs of the broader astronomical community, or in her words, the visits were “to tell them what we were planning at NASA and what the NASA opportunities were, but it was equally to try to get from them a feeling of what they thought NASA ought to be doing.” Her work was instrumental in converting what was then a ground-based astronomical community, hostile to the space science program, into supporters of astronomy from space. She showed an Roman and her parents moved to Houston, Texas; New Jersey; and later on, to Michigan and then Nevada in 1935, when her father joined the Civil Service in geophysical research. She remained involved in her alma maters Roman's final role in the development of Hubble was to serve on the selection board for its science operations. Another discovery was finding that not all stars that were common were the same age. Who knows, maybe she You know you’ve hit the “bigs” when you are celebrated in plastic. During this time, she oversaw the development of the Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) program, developing and launching OSO 1 in May 1962 and developing OSO 2, (February 1965) and OSO 3 (March 1967). ISBN 978-0313293030. to get her PhD in the field from the University of Chicago three years later.  Roman considered her parents to be major influences in her interest in science. While he was not encouraging, he did teach her astronomy and she worked on the two student telescopes available there, which had been defunct. Other projects she oversaw included four geodetic satellites. She began an astronomy golf club that met once weekly when she was eleven. She documented new “spectral types, photoelectric magnitudes and colors, and spectroscopic parallaxes for about 600 high-velocity stars.” One result of this was that her “UV excess” method became widely used by astronomers to select stars with more heavier elements using only the colors of the stars rather than having to take spectra. , After a two-month break at the Warner and Swasey Observatory, she returned to Yerkes Observatory to work as a research associate with Morgan at his request. the country and educate others while collecting data on what others were , Nancy Grace Roman was born in Nashville, Tennessee, to music teacher Georgia Frances Smith Roman and physicist/mathematician Irwin Roman Shortly thereafter, her father took a job as a geophysicist for an oil company and the family relocated to Oklahoma three months after Roman's birth. She created the first astronomical program at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).  Throughout her career, Roman was also an active public speaker and educator, and an advocate for women in the sciences.  The dean of women was not encouraging in this; Roman said that “if you insisted on majoring in science or engineering, she wouldn’t have anything more to do with you,” and referred her to the astronomy department, then chaired by Peter van de Kamp. Low. terrestrial telescopes.
Roman was almost constantly discouraged during her studies and beyond. She wrote a number of ground-breaking papers and was recognized with numerous awards including a Lifetime Achievement Award-Women in Aerospace in 2010, NASA Outstanding Scientific Leadership Award, and in 2017 Lego commemorated her in plastic with her likeness beside a little Lego Hubble Telescope.  Van de Kamp taught Roman in a solo lecture course on astrometry, introducing her to learning about professional astronomy by encouraging her use of the astronomy library. She established the policy that major astronomy projects would be managed by NASA for the good of the broader scientific community, rather than as individual experiments run by academic research scientists. Weiler added, "Regretfully, history has forgotten a lot in today's Internet age, but it was Nancy in the old days before the Internet and before Google and e-mail and all that stuff, who really helped to sell the Hubble Space Telescope, organize the astronomers, who eventually convinced Congress to fund it. She and her friends would meet and learn about the constellations. in a time when women were discouraged from entering the sciences and helped , Roman worked with Jack Holtz, on the small astronomy satellite and Don Burrowbridge on the space telescope.
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