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The FCT at ESOC oversees mission planning, spacecraft status monitoring, spacecraft control, orbit determination and control, attitude determination and control and on-board software maintenance, among others. + CryoSat-2 data will help determine whether arctic ice masses are thinning due to global warming +. ", Doppler Orbit and Radio Positioning Integration by Satellite, "CRYOSAT 2 Satellite details 2010-013A NORAD 36508", "CryoSat-2 Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission-2", "Cryosat: a decade long journey for industry", "CryoSat Mission lost due to launch failure", "European ice-watching satellite will launch Thursday", "CryoSat ready for launch: Media Day at IABG/Munich", "Major milestone reached in CryoSat-2 development", "Ground segment declared ready for CryoSat mission", "ESAs Cryosat 2 Faces Delay due to Launch Range Issues", "CryoSat-2 Project Manager: interview with Richard Francis", "Cryosat-2 - A measure of Europe's ambition", "Workshop on Antarctic sea-ice highlights need for CryoSat-2 mission", "Scientists and polar explorers brave the elements in support of CryoSat-2", "Scientists endure Arctic for last campaign prior to CryoSat-2 launch", "Russian Dnepr rocket launches with CryoSat-2", "February launch for ESA's CryoSat ice mission", "На космодроме Байконуре начались работы по подготовке к пуску ракеты РС-20 с КА "КриоСат-2, "На Байконуре готовятся к пуску "КриоСат-2, "CryoSat-2 – the icy mission is hotting up", "ESA's ice mission arrives safely at launch site", "На космодром Байконур доставлен космический аппарат КриоСат-2", "Entry 2: CryoSat-2 undergoes surgery - images", "Successful launch for ESA's CryoSat-2 ice mission", "Successful launch for ESA's CryoSat-2 ice satellite", "Esa's Cryosat mission switches on radar instrument", "Scientists receive first CryoSat-2 data", "CryoSat 2 passes in-orbit tests with flying colors", http://www.cpom.ucl.ac.uk/csopr/seaice.html?%20show_cell_thk_ts_large=0&ts_area_or_point=all&basin_selected=0&show_basin_thickness=0&thk_period=0&year=2014&season=Autumn&select_thk_vol=select_vol, http://www.cpom.ucl.ac.uk/csopr/seaice.html?show_cell_thk_ts_large=1&ts_area_or_point=all&basin_selected=0&show_basin_thickness=0&thk_period=0&select_thk_vol=select_vol&year=2014&season=Autumn, Satellites detect 'thousands' of new ocean-bottom mountains, New Map Exposes Previously Unseen Details of Seafloor, New global marine gravity model from CryoSat-2 and Jason-1 reveals buried tectonic structure, Space Applications and Telecommunications Centre, Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, European Launcher Development Organisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=CryoSat-2&oldid=985809581, Earth observation satellites of the European Space Agency, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integration by Satellite, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 02:15. This has enabled a very significant cost saving, but does pose some problems for the provision of adequate solar power in Cryostat-2's unusual orbit. [40] On 1 April, the Space Head Module was returned to the silo, and reinstalled atop the Dnepr. The CryoSat-2 ground segment at ESOC is using the SCOS-2000 mission control system. [14] In August 2009, the spacecraft's ground infrastructure, which had been redesigned since the original mission, was declared ready for use. [6] The launch occurred from Site 133/3 on 8 October; however, due to a missing command in the rocket's flight control system, the second-stage engine did not shut down at the end of its planned burn, and instead the stage burned to depletion. Following the announcement that CryoSat-2 would be built the CRYOVEX programme was extended. [28] On 14 January, it was rolled out to Site 109/95, where it was installed into its silo. CryoSat-2 is a European Space Agency environmental research satellite which was launched in April 2010. [33] This was transported to the launch pad by means of a vehicle known as the crocodile, and installed atop the carrier rocket. The Commissioning Phase lasted six months and consisted of verifying the performance of all elements of the system: satellite platform and payload, orbit, ground segment and science data processing facilities. [8][9], Due to the importance of the CryoSat mission for understanding global warming and reductions in polar ice caps, a replacement satellite was proposed. All the elements were revalidated and tested prior to the new launch date, so that the Flight Control Team was equally prepared as the last time to look after command and control, on-board software maintenance and mission planning, as well as interfacing with other ESOC teams, including Flight Dynamics, Ground Facilities and Software Support. The exploitation phase of the mission started on the 26 October 2010 under the responsibility of Tommaso Parrinello who is currently the Mission Manager. For this reason the project does not provide data between May and September each year. From an altitude of just over 700 km and reaching latitudes of 88°, CryoSat-2 is monitoring precise changes in the thickness of the polar ice sheets and floating sea ice. Graphs and maps are copyright and are available at source : These measurements cannot be made accurately in the Arctic summer due to the presence of pools of melt water which cover significant areas of ice and which the satellite cannot distinguish from open water. [1] Following a successful launch,[42] CryoSat-2 separated from the upper stage of the Dnepr into a low Earth orbit. Since the completion of the Commissioning Phase, the science team have been busy analysing the data and determining the evolution of ice thickness around the globe. [4], Construction of the original spacecraft was completed in August 2004. [16] The Project Manager for the CryoSat-2 mission was Richard Francis, who had been the Systems Manager on the original CryoSat mission. For CryoSat-2, the LEOP (Launch and Early Orbit Phase) period was (almost) unique, as the satellite does not have any deployable solar panels; in fact the satellite has no moving parts at all, except for some valves in the propulsion system. The mission's objectives remain the same as before – to measure ice thickness on both land and sea very precisely to provide conclusive proof as to whether there a trend toward diminishing polar ice cover, furthering our understanding of the relationship between ice and global climate. The next day saw the third stage transported to the silo, and installed atop the rocket. [3], The initial proposal for the CryoSat programme was submitted as part of a call for proposals in July 1998 for Earth Explorer missions as part of the European Space Agency's Living Planet programme. The spacecraft was lost when it reentered over the Arctic Ocean, north of Greenland. Unlike the original CryoSat, two SIRAL instruments are installed aboard CryoSat-2, with one serving as a backup in case the other fails. [36], When the spacecraft was installed atop the Dnepr, launch was scheduled to occur on 25 February, at 13:57 UTC. It departed Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport aboard an Antonov An-124 aircraft on 12 January,[30] and arrived at Baikonur the next day. The CryoSat-2 ground segment at ESOC is using the SCOS-2000 mission control system. Although CryoSat-2 is in theory a rebuild there are plenty of challenges to keep the team busy, including over 80 changes to the satellite as well as new hardware and software available for the ground control systems and new members in the team. A number of campaigns were performed under a programme called CRYOVEX[19] which aimed to address each of the identified areas of uncertainty. [36] The delay was caused by a concern that the second stage manoeuvring engines did not have a sufficient quantity of reserve fuel.

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