This chapter proposes an emphasis towards whole-hearted listening and learning from a spiritual narrative context of ‘story’; recognsing and encouraging the spiritual drive and journey of another, along with a call for a spiritual education context rather than a religious context. %%EOF Oppressive contexts and conditions gave rise to deep reflection on what it means to be a Christian in situations where Christians oppress fellow, This paper critically examines such terminologies like Juju, Paganism, Savage, Ancestral worship and Heathenism in relationship to the African experience, considering that such misleading terminologies are not appropriate in describing the religion and spirituality of African people. Particularly, the religious philosophy of mmusuo provides the psycho-emotive motivation from which many Akan Christians vehemently oppose the practice as sacrilegious. 0 The analysis revealed that the present primary role of African states in the international world economy as the dominant sources of raw materials and major consumers of manufactured products are the results of long years of colonial dominance, exploitation and imperialism. 71 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<04BC5148A2F56A4ABBFAF0443DE3310B>]/Index[55 36]/Info 54 0 R/Length 83/Prev 114837/Root 56 0 R/Size 91/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 337 0 obj <>stream Research literature indicates a declining attendance within, The greatest challenge to Christianity during the second half of the twentieth century emerged from liberation theologies and specifically from the point of view of pitting the Christian faith against the most despicable conditions of inhumanity. Besides in this paradigm, even though imperialism has ended, its Many Christian churches in parts of Ghana dominated by Akans do not allow corpses to be brought inside the church during funerals services. The positive goal will be to rediscover the emancipatory functions of Islam and Christianity in the midst of history and culture, and direct the resultant awareness to serve present and future objectives of Muslim-Muslim, Christian-Christian and Muslim-Christian relations. These include the pragmatic nature of the African cultural and religious heritage, and the African traditional methods of healing. All content in this area was uploaded by Joel Mokhoathi on Feb 28, 2018, Open Access- Online @ http//: www.pharosjot.com, Imperialism and its effects on the African Traditional, Religion: Towards the liberty of African Spirituality, Faculty of Theology and Religion, Department of Religion Studies, imposed racial bigotries and effected theories that conveyed socio-cultural and religious, regard. 317 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<661D14C522427B49B79BC60BFDF596F6><58B9FE9740BB2D46B0A2CE8F8C30CA12>]/Index[307 31]/Info 306 0 R/Length 75/Prev 981836/Root 308 0 R/Size 338/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Christian religious institutions as well as evidence that they have has not served the developing and holistic concept of self as well as it could. Nicht alle Religionen kennen die im Christentum angelegte Trennung von Staat und Kirche (vgl. Provides a clearly written and wide-ranging account of postcolonialism, empire, imperialism, and colonialism, written by one of the leading scholars on the topic. H2�f���@��"H�Y������x����N��5� ��# Offers an engaging yet accessible style that will appeal to scholars as well as introductory students. The African religious experience and heritage have been a focal point of enquiry for many centuries. This paper argues that the juxtaposition of the African Traditional Religion (ATR) with In the 15 years after the Berlin Conference, most of the continent was colonized by the seven major European nations. h�bbd``b`:$CA�`Ul� �D��|A�B ��"v�$�w�`� $��v&F�y�T'�3. This seminal work-now available in a 15th anniversary edition with a new preface-is a thorough introduction to the historical and theoretical origins of postcolonial theory. Spiritual conflicts exist between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. In this paper I examine literature from the 18th century and also revisit my ethnographic work which focuses on this theme in the democratic South Africa. Roman encyclopaedist, who recorded their sayings, brutal slave dealers and tyrannical chiefs, humans took place in three stages: savagery, which was, agriculture; and civilization, which required the developm. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/imperialism (Accessed on 21 Jan. 2017). 0 Unfortunately, the depiction of such an African cultural and religious heritage have often been characterized by misconceptions and elaborate distortions. Africa's Resources 2. Findings of this study suggests that black members of mainline Churches are still caught in between two identities; one being the Western package of Christianity and the African ritual practices. This paper presents a brief discussion on the beliefs and views of various Christian groups on African rituals, focusing mainly on black members of the Mainline Churches. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Pharos Journal of Theology ISSN 2414-3324 online Volume 98 - (2017) Copyright: ©2017, current status, of the ATR which situates, , in this case, does not imply the complete break-away, Islam would be debatable. This paper work uses Nollywood, the Nigerian movie industry, to showcase the clash between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. But if religious values can be used in the development of culture, then religion can be used to explain cultural norms. However, the contextualization of Christianity in Africa appears to have permitted the practice of syncretism. inequalities in Africa. African Traditional religion is part of the African’s ethos and an understanding of it should go hand in hand with Christian evangelization. Bratislava, Slovakia: Institute of Oriental African Studies. Although there are other religions in Africa such as Islam and Judaism, this study concentrates on African Traditional Religion and Christianity. endstream endobj startxref bitter pill for Christians to swallow or not. Auch im Christentum mußte Religionsfreiheit »gegen etablierte Kirchen von Abweichlern erkämpft«  werden. Most of these approaches centred on cultural absolutism rather than relativism. Others face constant and vehement objection when it is done. This paper focuses on the conicts between African Traditional Religion and Christianity.
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